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Entries for the ‘Robotics’ Category

Robot Vacuum

5911641067 60a17b161f m Robot Vacuum
by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center


Robot vacuum liberates people from their tedious cleaning jobs and helps save precious time. The vacuum’s sleek design, automatic operations and high efficiency makes them a worthy investment.

In early 1999/2000 several companies developed robotic vacuum cleaners, a form of carpet sweeper, usually equipped with limited suction power. Some examples are Roomba, Robomaxx, Intellibot, Trilobite, FloorBot and Dyson

Most robotic vacuum cleaners are designed for home use, although there are more capable models for operation in offices, hotels, hospitals, woodshops, etc. Most models are equipped with motorized brushes that sweep debris from the floor into a collection bin

Definiton of  Robot Vacuum according to Wikipedia is: A robotic vacuum cleaner, often called a robovac, is an autonomous robotic vacuum cleaner that has intelligent programming and a limited vacuum cleaning system. It uses brush/brushes, and a vacuum to clean the floor.

Robot vacuums come in different versions.

Following are a few examples:

Roomba by iRobot,
Neato XV-11 by Neato Robotics
Cleanmate by Infinuvo
E-clean by Asus

A standard robot vacuum comes with some or all of the following accessories:

• Cleaning brushes

• Remote control

• Rechargeable battery

• Charging base

• Programming scheduler

• Virtual walls to keep robot vacuum out of certain areas or for better room to room cleaning

Robot Vacuums Work

A robotic vacuum performs two essential functions – navigation and cleaning. Navigation of the robotic vacuum cleaner is controlled by the robots motherboard and sensors. With technology advancements, robot manufacturers have developed exclusive programming to ensures minimum human input in executing robotic vacuum operations. Bumper sensors are provided on the front of the robot vacuum to avoid obstacles. These sensors constantly send signals that help the robot to turn back immediately when it is approaching or touches obstacles. Also, one has to remove small obstacles on the floor so that the robot vacuum does not get stuck on them.
Cleaning action of the robot vacuum is supported by dirt sensors. Cleaning brushes remove the dirt as the vacuum motor vacuums them up. All vacuumed waste is deposited in the dirt bin.

Here is different robotic vacuums and their technologies in the markets:

The iRobot Roomba 500 is a highly intelligent and effective robot vacuum. All the available iRobot Roomba 500 Series Robot Vacuums models are equipped with the company’s incredibly unique AWARE Robot Intelligence Systems. This helps ensure iRobot Roomba users that their beloved cleaning robot adheres to its motto of cleaning effectively, intelligently and most importantly, safely.
The Neato XV-11 Vacuum Cleaner includes revolutionary robotics intelligence that assures that this domestic robot cleans the entire floor, carefully avoiding furniture, walls and other objects. Using its Room Positioning System (RPS) Technology, the robot vacuum cleaner has a 360-degree view of a room, allowing it to map the most efficient cleaning path by analyzing walls, furniture, doorways and other obstacles up to four meters away. Once it outlines the designated area, the Neato XV-11 covers the perimeter first and then methodically cleans inside it using a back-and-forth pattern to ensure complete floor coverage.
The Asus E-Clean EC01 Robot Vacuum and the Cleanmate QQ-2 Vacuum cleaner are automatic and intelligent vacuum cleaners. From carpet to hardwood to tile, they handle a variety of surfaces with ease. They go under beds and other places where upright vacuums cannot go. They are not only able to clean dirt, dust, but also pet hair while simultaneously sanitize surface of floor with its UV light, and remove odors with the fragrance compartment design.

I hope this explanation can provide an overview of the history of the use of robotic vacuum. And can provide input to the reader about the options and benefits of this robotic vacuum.



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Based on the successful Modelling and Control of Robot Manipulators by Sciavicco and Siciliano (Springer, 2000), Robotics provides…
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The practice of robotics and computer vision both involve the application of computational algorithms to data. Over the fairly rec…

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Litter Robot

8379612721 03bde655e8 m Litter Robot
by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center


The first version of the Litter Robot became available in April 2000. In October 2006 the Litter Robot II was released, incorporating many new features requested by users, such as a larger storage compartment, “pinch guards” that stop the action if the cat interferes with the globe, a sliding guard door to keep cats from accessing the globe without the step, quieter operation, and sealing the electronics in the base for easier cleaning.


The Litter Robot uses a rolling action that “breads” the clumps with litter as the cleaning cycle progresses. Cats who do not cover will not interfere with the cleaning operation.

Users with dogs have reported that the Litter Robot keeps dogs out of the litter box. There’s a seven minute “window” where the clumps are accessible; after the cleaning cycle, the clumps are in the sealed base where dogs cannot access them.

Litter box odors are reduced because the clumps are taken away seven minutes later, and are stored in the sealed base.


Because the design is dependent on a sealed globe, it imposes a “covered box” situation upon any cat using it. Large cats who perch in an upright posture when using the litter box can find the interior dimensions too confining.

The manufacturer has an official size range of five to fifteen pounds. Cats or kittens less than five pounds need to have a user trigger the device manually for a cleaning cycle. Users report cats larger than fifteen pounds have used it successfully.

Cats who are in the upper size range are more likely to use it if they are normal weight for their size, while overweight cats are less agile and have more difficulty.

Dimensions and Requirements

Overall Dimensions are 29 in (H), 22 in (W), 24 in (D). The waste drawer is 11 in (W), 16 in (L), 6 in (D). The oval shaped entry opening for the cat is 9 in (H), 6 in (W). The litter bed area measures 14 inch across at maximum litter capacity. There is 13 to 15 inches of head room for the cat inside the globe depending on the level of litter. The inside width is 20 inches across at the widest point, and depth is 15 inches front to back.

The unit needs an electrical outlet and a space that is larger than most litter boxes, both in footprint and in headroom. It is a sealed unit that operates in its own space, so if it can fit somewhere, it can operate properly without extra room.

Cat Psychology

Getting a cat to use an automatic litter box has many factors that are dependent on the cat or cats who will be using it. Timid cats will be wary of using a litter box which moves and makes noises at certain times. Cats who perch on the edge of the litter box, or who are used to a full field of view while using their litter box, can find the interior of the Litter Robot’s globe too confining or too limiting.

Automatic litter boxes have an advantage that can overcome the objections of most cats. A properly operating box will offer clean litter almost all the time. Cats prefer brand new litter, without evidence that they or another cat have used it. This instinctive preference is enough of a benefit for a cat to overcome their misgivings, or even change their previous litter behavior, and find a way of using the cleanest litter box that is offered.

Users who wish to avail themselves of automatic litter box advantages can help the cat draw this conclusion in the early stages of introducing the device. They can only operate the device while they are supervising its action, encourage the cat in their explorations of this new device, and express their own satisfaction and enjoyment of the cleaner litter offered by an automatic box.

It is also an advantage for multiple cats to be introduced to an automatic litter box. Seeing another cat successfully using an automatic litter box that is always clean, and observing that the cat in question did not suffer any ill effects, can be the most persuasive element in getting the more timid cats in the household to trust the new device.

Human Psychology

The introduction of clumping litter, by polymer chemist William Mallow, opened the door to the possible use of robotic assistance in keeping cat litter clean. The fact that the offensive litter contents could now be isolated from the cleaner litter around it created many automatic litter box patents dating back to 1991. People with cats find litter boxes duties to be such onerous chores that they are willing to create and buy appliances that will perform this task for them.


^ Mallow, William. “Inventor William Mallow Dies At Age 72″, CBS News, 2002-08-02. Retrieved on 2008-07-22.

^ Online Patent Search. “Patent Storm search for automatic litter boxes”, Patent Storm Online Reference,. Retrieved on 2008-07-22.

External links

Litter Robot site

Litter Box Central Forum for users of automatic litter boxes

New Litter Robot 2 with Odor Control, reviewed by Paradise Robotics

Litter Robot II review comparing the two versions

Epinions reviews of Litter Robot

Categories: Pet equipment | 2000 introductions

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The robotics

4843799548 a8f9c0e3ef m The robotics
by NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center

The image usually thought of by the word robot is that of a mechanical being, somewhat human in shape.  Common in science fiction, robots are generally depicted as working in the service of people, but often escaping the control of the people and doing them harm.

The word robot comes from the Czech writer Karel Capek’s 1921 play “R.U.R.” (which stands for “Rossum’s Universal Robots”), in which mechanical beings made to be slaves for humanity rebel and kill their creators.  From this, the fictional image of robots is sometimes troubling, expressing the fears that people may have of a robotized world over which they cannot keep control.  The history of real robots is rarely as dramatic, but where developments in robotics may lead is beyond our imagination.

Robots exist today.  They are used in a relatively small number of factories located in highly industrialized countries such as the United States, Germany, and Japan.  Robots are also being used for scientific research, in military programs, and as educational tools, and they are being developed to aid people who have lost the use of their limbs.  These devices, however, are for the most part quite different from the androids, or humanlike robots, and other robots of fiction.  They rarely take human form, they perform only a limited number of set tasks, and they do not have minds of their own.  In fact, it is often hard to distinguish between devices called robots and other modern automated systems.

Although the term robot did not come into use until the 20th century, the idea of mechanical beings is much older.  Ancient myths and tales talked about walking statues and other marvels in human and animal form.  Such objects were products of the imagination and nothing more, but some of the mechanized figures also mentioned in early writings could well have been made.  Such figures, called automatons, have long been popular.

For several centuries, automatons were as close as people came to constructing true robots.  European church towers provide fascinating examples of clockwork figures from medieval times, and automatons were also devised in China.  By the 18th century, a number of extremely clever automatons became famous for a while.  Swiss craftsman Pierre Jacquet-Droz, for example, built mechanical dolls that could draw a simple figure or play music on a miniature organ.  Clockwork figures of this sort are rarely made any longer, but many of the so called robots built today for promotional or other purposes are still basically automatons.  They may include technological advances such as radio control, but for the most part they can only perform a set routine of entertaining but otherwise useless actions.

Modern robots used in workplaces arose more directly from the Industrial Revolution and the systems for mass production to which it led.  As factories developed, more and more machine tools were built that could perform some simple, precise routine over and over again on an assembly line.  The trend toward increasing automation of production processes proceeded through the development of machines that were more versatile and needed less tending.  One basic principle involved in this development was what is known as feedback, in which part of a machine’s output is used as input to the machine as well, so that it can make appropriate adjustments to changing operating conditions.

The most important 20th-century development, for automation and for robots in particular, was the invention of the computer.  When the transistor made tiny computers possible, they could be put in individual machine tools.  Modern industrial robots arose from this linking of computer with machine.  By means of a computer, a correctly designed machine tool can be programmed to perform more than one kind of task.  If it is given a complex manipulator arm, its abilities can be enormously increased.  The first such robot was designed by Victor Scheinman, a researcher at the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Mass.  It was followed in the mid-1970s by the production of so called programmable universal manipulators for assembly (PUMAs) by General Motors and then by other manufacturers in the United States.

The nation that has used this new field most successfully, however, is Japan.  It has done so by making robot manipulators without trying to duplicate all of the motions of which the human arm and hand are capable.  The robots are also easily reprogrammed and this makes them more adaptable to changing tasks on an assembly line.  The majority of the industrial robots in use in the world today are found in Japan.

Except for firms that were designed from the start around robots, such as several of those in Japan, industrial robots are still only slowly being placed in production lines.  Most of the robots in large automobile and airplane factories are used for welding, spray-painting, and other operations where humans would require expensive ventilating systems.  The problem of workers being replaced by industrial robots is only part of the issue of automation as a whole, and individual robots on an assembly line are often regarded by workers in the familiar way that they think of their car.

Current work on industrial robots is devoted to increasing their sensitivity to the work environment.  Computer-linked television cameras serve as eyes, and pressure-sensitive skins are being developed for manipulator grippers.  Many other kinds of sensors can also be placed on robots.

Robots are also used in many ways in scientific research, particularly in the handling of radioactive or other hazardous materials.  Many other highly automated systems are also often considered as robots.  These include the probes that have landed on and tested the soils of the moon, Venus, and Mars, and the pilotless planes and guided missiles of the military.

None of these robots look like the androids of fiction.  Although it would be possible to construct a robot that was humanlike, true androids are still only a distant possibility.  For example, even the apparently simple act of walking on two legs is very hard for computer-controlled mechanical systems to duplicate.  In fact, the most stable walker made, is a six-legged system.  A true android would also have to house or be linked to the computer-equivalent of a human brain.  Despite some claims made for the future development of artificial intelligence, computers are likely to remain calculating machines without the ability to think or create for a long time.

Research into developing mobile, autonomous robots is of great value.  It advances robotics, aids the comparative study of mechanical and biological systems, and can be used for such purposes as devising robot aids for the handicapped.

As for the thinking androids of the possible future, the well-known science-fiction writer Isaac Asimov has already laid down rules for their behavior.  Asimov’s first law is that robots may not harm humans either through action or inaction.  The second is that they must obey humans except when the commands conflict with the first law.  The third is that robots must protect themselves except, again, when this comes into conflict with the first law.  Future androids might have their own opinions about these laws, but these issues must wait their time.


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Forex Robot

5911641067 60a17b161f m Forex Robot
by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

This is a generation of automated trading where most of the trade is done via the underlying system or the program. The system makes all the decisions on whether to buy or sell the currency and you just have to click a button to complete your trade.

There are two types of automated system driven trade

Forex Robot – Here everything is automated and such systems are often known as the black box. On the green signal of the forex robot you have to take a call on buying the currency whereas on the red signal of the forex robot you have to take a call on to sell the currency. Forex robots are apt for someone who is beginning on the currency trade and doesn’t know the tricks of the trade. You can just buy or sell the currencies based on the signal from the forex robot. And you can only make changes in the system by altering the technical aspects of the system.

Signal Based – In this system the strategies of analysts and traders all over the over world are converted into signals for anyone who is interested in forex trading and they can make real time trades based on these signals which are eventually based on the strategies of the experts. One of the examples of signal bases auto trade is Zulu Trade.

Forex Robots and other automated systems came in to existence in the year 1999 when computers were revolutionizing the world of technology. That is the year when computer based companies tried to cash in by providing quick solutions for the people who wanted to trade thus providing huge opportunity to the general public to invest and gain through forex markets.

Forex Robots have several advantages over a human trade.

With the use of forex robots more users can take part in the market, they are quick and data of many past years can easily be stored in them. They give an opportunity for beginners to learn the tricks of the trade and it is easy for them to start on forex trades with these forex robots.

Signal automation gives you an advantage of having expert opinion from all over the world. The financial pundits, whose knowledge is vast and their strategies can prove to be of great profit reaping tips.

It is said that in the past data stored in these forex robots were nothing but opening and closing rates of the currencies in each date. This can be done manually and there is not much technology involved in it. If a person has no knowledge of how to save data then he would never prove to be a successful trader anyways.

Another disadvantage is that the past data stored in the robot might be inaccurate which affects the entire system. There’s no human judgment where the robot is involved, it doesn’t take international news into account which can invariably affect market fluctuations. Robots by their nature merely take into account market fluctuations in terms of numbers and not the cause of said fluctuation. Thus it cannot precisely predict the market which by its nature is dynamic. Existing patterns, data and past benefits cannot accurately predict future returns; robots run on past data which as you can probably imagine might not reap future benefits. If a robot causes you to incur loss you end up losing the money that you invested on the system as well as the money invested in buying the Forex robot.

As the Forex market is huge and unregulated, Forex robots although making Forex trading available to the masses; make more and more people susceptible to fraud and scammers as most of the forex scams are done through these forex robots and other automated systems.

The best Forex robot for the year 2010 is said to be FAP Turbo. But again the system is not flawless and for you to gain profits out of forex trades you have to keenly study the markets and have all eyes and all ears open for international news that might have an impact on the currency market which is very news sensitive.

Forex robots are apt for someone who is beginning on the currency trade and doesn’t know the tricks of the trade. Forex Robots have several advantages over a human trade.

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Robotic Toys

5558669881 bd5d5149bd m Robotic Toys
by North Charleston

Like Robots? Growing largely in the US is the robotic toys market. Today there is a growing popularity of owning and using robots whether it’s a toy for our kids, a security system or a lawnmower, adults and kids alike share in using them. Many companies are producing robotic toys for families to enjoy and use.

Kids all over the world are entertained for hours cause they are like a real-life video game! These robotic toys and machines receive and respond commands, and some have the capability to communicate with you. Robotics are becoming more advanced with more movable parts, programming, and lifelike attributes and movements. These robotic companies have a goal, to make the owners life easier, more joyful, and to become a common place in every household.

Another trend in robotics is robotic pets. These are becoming increasingly more popular for parents to get there kids cause they require no feeding or clean up. As we said, it can keep a child entertained for hours! Robot pets are even widely purchased by adults for entertainment, even companionship. Maybe you have a family member or two in the house who are allergic to pets. If that’s the case, they can purchase a robotic specie of their choice which can interact and mimic the real animal; giving the owner joy and entertainment.

Some Robotic units have capabilities such as cameras, all terrain mobility, and wifi connection. This is where having one can help watch over your loved ones. Maybe your at work, and you want to check on your mate and kids. Having one of the many mobile robots available can accomplish this. Set-up for these are usually pretty simple for the normal householder. The choices ARE becoming more widespread, and the future of robotic toys is only going to place more inhabitants among us as we find more uses for them everyday.

Want a robot? Well, if not, then one day soon you will cause you’ll notice how your neighbors lawnmower is driving it’s self!

Scott Smith is an Internet Marketer, Graphic Designer & Digitizer, Web Designer. My likes include new technology, robotics, mechanics, family & friend gatherings, BBQ, computers, TLC & Discovery channel.

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