Categories of computer hardware help to know about various aspects of the machine. As it has become an indispensible part of our day-to-day living, it is essential to acquire sufficient knowledge about the functioning of various computer peripherals. Working of all the computer components must happen in accord to each other, so that desired results are released.
Personal computers are popularly utilized at home as well as in offices for work purpose. They come in different shapes and sizes that offer various specifications catering to a variety of useful functions. To have a long-term association with computers to get your work done, it is essential to acquire sufficient information about different categories of computer hardware.
Categories of Computer Hardware
A computer hardware category covers the functions of its various components. Besides this, the manner in which functioning of different components of a computer influence its performance is also considered. The 4 categories of computer hardware are as follows:
· The Input Category – It comprises all the input types of hardware peripherals that allow control of the signals involved in data processing. For example: a Keyboard, a microphone, audio and video media, pointing devices like a joystick and a pointing stick.
· The Output Category – It consists of all the output peripherals of a computer such as a monitor, a printer, hard disk drive, a CD drive, earphone, amplifier, etc.
· The Processing Category – It deals with all sorts of processing peripherals
· The Storage Category – It includes all the storage devices like RAM which is a type of primary storage, a processor register, a CD, a floppy disk, a paper tape and a processor.
A good understanding of all these above mentioned categories of computer components is necessary to understand the functioning of a computer.
Besides this, it is also important to consider the fact the hardware components of a computer covered in the same category possess common functions that become general functions.
All the four categories must function properly and in the proper order. Then only a computer gives the desired results. Awareness about all the above mentioned categories is a must which can be achieved by referring to various websites and by reading computer hardware related books and magazines. These sources prove useful to learn the functions of various computer peripherals, so that the knowledge can be utilized in the proper maintenance of a computer.
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